Thursday, August 29, 2013

A Gentleman and a No. 1 Artist: Pioneer Photographers Part 2

by Kristine Schmucker, HCHM Curator

For Part 1 of this two part series on Newton's earliest photographers click here..

Two views of Newton's Main Street in 1882, photographer unknown.
View 1: looking south from the intersection of 6th & Main.
View 2:  looking north from the intersection of 5th & Main.
HCHM Photo Archives

"A Gentleman and a No. 1 Artist"
The first photographer to advertise in the Newton Kansan was Charles Gillingham.  Gillingham was married in Leavenworth County, Ks on March 8, 1871.  By 1880 Gillingham is in Newton working as a photographer at the corner of Main St and Broadway.  His regular advertisements in the Newton Kansan guarantee satisfaction with the photographs or the will be no charge.  According to one ad, Gillingham had "more than four years of experience taking photographs in Washington City, D.C."  His specialty was groups and baby pictures.

On August 12, 1880 disaster struck Gillingham.  At around twelve o'clock in the night, a coal oil lamp exploded in the adjacent Golden Gate office.  The resulting fire destroyed the building. Sadly, the photograph gallery belonging to C.L. Gillingham, "which stood at the southwest corner of the Gate office was, with its glassy contents, entirely demolished. . . . The loss to Mr. Gillingham is a rather serious one.  A large number of valuable negatives were entirely demolished which can never be replaced." (Newton Kansan 12 August 1880, p.2)

Gillingham did attempt to recover from the fire.  A week later, the Newton Kansan reported that he was erecting a 12 x 26 brick building at the corner of Main and Broadway.  The editor encouraged people to be supportive of "Charley, a gentleman and a No. 1 artist." By August 26, he was "ready for business again in better shape than ever."
Newton Kansan, 16 September 1880
After September 1880, the advertisements for Gillingham, "the shadow catcher", no longer appear in the Kansan. Gillingham does not appear in the 1885 City Directory.  None of the photos in our collection indicate that they were taken by Gillingham.  This is likely due to the disastrous fire that destroyed much of his work.

Although there are no definitive answers to 'who' took the "Summer of 1871" photo of Newton's Main St., one possibility is Charles Gillingham, a photographer who was in Kansas in 1871. When he left Newton sometime in the fall of 1880, he may have left fellow photographer, F.D. Tripp, the negative.  Tripp then reprinted the photo, mounted it using his logo and in doing so, preserved this brief glimpse at Newton's very beginnings.

Research Notes:
F.D. Tripp was quite hard to pin down. If we knew for certain his age in the summer of 1871, a clearer idea of who actually took the photo could be determined. Depending on which document is correct, his birth year is given as:

  • 1856 (1887 Harvey County Tax Rolls & 1947 Obituary);
  • 1857 (1886 Harvey County Tax Rolls);
  • 1858 (1870 Census); 
  • 1859 (1880 Census); 
  • 1866 (1900 Census)

For the purposes of this blog post, a time span of roughly 1856-1858 was assumed for the birth year of F.D. Tripp.

  • Newton Kansan, 1872-1881.
    • Newton Kansan, 8 January 1880, p. 1
    • Newton Kansan, 12 August 1880, p. 2.
    • Newton Kansan, 19 August 1880, p. 2.
    • Newton Kansan, 26 August 1880, p. 3.
    • Newton Kansan, 16 September 1880, p. 2..
  • Evening Kansan-Republican, September 6, 1947, p.1.
  • Newton City Directories, 1885, 1887, 1902, HCHM Archives.
  • United States Census, 1870, 1880, 1900.
  • Newton Voter Registration Index 1882-1902, HCHM Archives.
  • Harvey County Marriage License Index, 1882, HCHM Archives.
  • Anthony's Photographic Bulletin, Vol. 27, Google Books, p. 382.

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